Aesthetics and the importance of music in the history of human formation
Musical aesthetics exists more than the culture of music as an independent art form. Musical aesthetics was similar to labor, appropriation, submission of the unknown. It carried such functions as…

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How Russian artist Makovsky painted a portrait of the US president and opened the “Russian style” to Americans
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Western world discovered the Russian style. Sundresses, kokoshniks, furs and precious fabrics, boyars and feasts - this is exactly such Russia that…

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People-birds, beautiful ladies and the joy of life
They worked in the harsh conditions of socialist realism, but paintings with farmers and tractors are not their style. Their paintings were crushed by bulldozers, not allowed to go to…

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Monthly Archives: May 2017

VARIETIES OF THE GENRE PORTRAIT

Portrait (derived from FR. words portrait) – this artistic image of the human with transfer his domestic world.
In the portrait, a person can be depicted chest-high, waist-high, hip-high, knee-high, full-length.
The portrait can be a different turn of the head: full-face, a quarter turn to the right or left, half-turn, three-quarters, in profile.
Portrait format can be different: vertical rectangular, horizontal rectangular, square, oval or round.
The portrait is divided by size: portrait miniature, easel portrait (painting, drawing, sculpture), monumental portrait (monument, fresco, mosaic).
The portrait is divided according to the method of execution: oil, pencil, pastel, watercolor, dry brush, engraved, miniature, photographic, etc.
The portrait can be painted in different styles: academism, realism, impressionism, expressionism, art Nouveau, abstractionism, surrealism, cubism, pop art, etc. Continue reading

VARIETIES OF THE GENRE CITYSCAPE

Cityscape is a genre of fine art in which the main subject of the image are city streets and buildings.
In European art, the cityscape, as a separate genre of painting, appeared in the XVI century, thanks to the proto-vedutes of Paul Bril from Antwerp.
In the XVII century in Holland, the cityscape became widespread and became one of the favorite themes of Dutch artists.
In Italy in the XVIII century became very popular Veduta-a kind of cityscape. The most famous master of this genre was the artist Giovanni Antonio Canaletto. Along with Veduta, in the XVII-XVIII centuries, another kind of urban landscape was popular – Capriccio, which depicted architectural fantasies, mainly the ruins of fictional ancient buildings.
The heyday and new development of the painting genre cityscape marked the development of open-air landscape associated with the invention in the XIX century, the method of production of tube paints. Continue reading

Incorrigible stubborn: brilliant impressionist with a heavy character
Claude Monet is known as one of the founders of impressionism. The artist could magically convey on canvas the impressions of what he saw. Considering his paintings, full of appeasement,…

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19th Century Girl Albums
The young ladies of the 19th century were not so different from the modern ones: they also needed attention, recognition, evidence of sympathy from friends and, of course, a cordial…

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VARIETIES OF FIGURATIVE PAINTING
In the XVII century, a thematic or story picture was attributed to the high genre (grand genre) and called the genre. The high genre included: allegorical, battle, epic, household, historical,…

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The dramatic fate of Princess Tenisheva
June 1 (old style - May 20) marks the 150th anniversary of the birth of an outstanding woman whose contribution to the development of Russian culture can hardly be overestimated.…

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