STYLES AND TRENDS IN THE VISUAL ARTS
Abstractionism (from lat. abstractio-removal, distraction) - art direction, refused to approximate the reality of the image of forms in painting and sculpture. One of the goals of abstractionism is to…

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ART TECHNIQUES
Watercolor (from Italia. aquarello) means painting with water based paints. There are several varieties of watercolor techniques: dry-painting on dry paper, with drying each layer of paint before applying the…

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8 creepy paintings that are impossible to look at without a shudder
Typically, painters create paintings that you want to consider again and again, admiring the transmitted beauty on canvas. But not all canvases of outstanding artists evoke only positive emotions. In…

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ART TECHNIQUES

Watercolor (from Italia. aquarello) means painting with water based paints.

There are several varieties of watercolor techniques:

dry-painting on dry paper, with drying each layer of paint before applying the next
wet, wet watercolor, Alla prima-painting on raw paper

Watercolor paintings
Watercolor in the technique of Alla prima

Alla prima (Ala Prim) (derived from ital. alla prima – at the first moment) – a kind of technique of oil and watercolor painting, providing for the implementation of the picture (or a fragment of it) in one session, without preliminary prescriptions and podmalevka.

Aerography

Airbrush – painting technique airbrush (translated air brush-a device for fine spray paint with compressed air) stencil.

Airbrush painting
Copyright batik

Batik (from Indonesian WA-cotton fabric and tik-dot) – pattern on the fabric.

There are several types of batik depending on the technique of its manufacture:

cold batik-the pattern is created with a cold reserve composition.
Cold batik is of four types: classic, multi-layered, open-ended graphics, free painting fabric. Free painting is in watercolor technique, stencil technique and free painting.
hot batik-the pattern is created with the help of a hot reserving composition: molten wax or other similar substances.
Hot batik is of three types: straight single-layer, straight multi-layer and reverse, etching.
experimental batik painting rollers, stamp or watering melted wax; Shibori silk, plangi, or tie-dye bandanas techniques; airbrushing.

Picture copyright batterton hot batterton cold batik
Author’s stained glass

Stained glass (from Franz. vitrage-glass) – ornamental or story decorative composition of glass or other material that transmits light.

There are several types of stained glass depending on the technique of its manufacture:

Classic stained glass (Tiffany technology) – made of transparent pieces of glass held by partitions of soft metal or plastic.
Overhead stained glass-obtained by fusing technology sintering, sometimes gluing elements on the base, with no metal connections between the glasses.
Painted stained glass-on the surface of the glass is applied a pattern of transparent paints.
Film stained glass-on the surface of the glass is glued lead tape and colored self-adhesive film (English technology).
Combined stained glass-formed by a combination of different technologies to create stained glass.

Silk embroidery

There are several varieties of silk embroidery:

Xian embroidery appeared in the Changsha area of Hunan province. This style is characterized by its color contrasts; Xian embroidery is often done in black and white with transitions through shades of gray, which gives the effect of three-dimensionality.
Guangdong embroidery is known in the Chaoju area of Guangdong province and is characterized by the use of bright colors and symmetrical but intricate embroidery details, which allows us to compare this style with some examples of Western fine art.
Sichuan embroidery was born in Chengdu, Sichuan province. It is the oldest style of embroidery in Chinese history: silk samples with fragments of Sichuan embroidery were discovered more than 3,000 years ago in a mummy’s sarcophagus in Egypt. Satin and silk are used in this style, Sichuan embroidery is mainly used to decorate the covers of quilt, pillowcases, garments and shoes.
Suzhou embroidery-this is the most famous and famous style, which also received (later) the name “Free stitch”, formed in the area of Suzhou, Jiangsu province. This style is characterized by the arbitrary imposition of stitches of silk threads of different lengths and directions, the use of threads of many colors, and in some cases – the splitting of silk thread into individual fibers, heat treatment of silk, and other techniques, proven and worked out over the centuries, which creates absolutely incredible effects at the exposition of works made by masters from Suzhou.

Silk embroidery continusously wyszukiwarka embroidery
Paintings in the technique of hot enamel

Hot enamel (from FR. email) – enamel technique in which painted metal oxides pasty mass is applied to a specially treated surface and subjected to firing, resulting in a vitreous colored layer.

There are several types of enamels depending on the technique of its manufacture:

Miniature on enamel, finish-technique of artistic enameling, which uses the technique of brush easel painting. The first registration of the image is performed on a white enamel background of a copper plate-base. After podmalevka plate dried, fired in a muffle furnace at 800 degrees and again prescribed. To obtain the maximum color sophistication and detail of the drawing, the enamel artist repeats this process many times.
Painted (painting) enamel on the front side enamel paint saturated colors prescribe the outline of the image and its details. Since the enamel is superimposed by fragments, the firing is done 10-15 times, taking into account the different level of melting temperature of the enamels used.
Cloisonne – for its manufacture is taken a thin metal plate, which cut through the contour of the future image. Then through this circuit soldered thin metal strips, getting image from a variety of shape and size of cells. Each cell is filled with enamel of different colors to the upper edge of the partitions and produce enamel firing.
Enamel on filigree (filigree) on the metal surface is soldered floral or geometric pattern of intertwined metal wire that forms the cell. Each cell is filled to the brim with enamel of different colors, which after firing settles and is below the ornament. As a result, the enamel on the scan is not polished.
Notched enamel-a plot or ornamental image is deeply cut (removed) on a metal plate. The resulting recesses are filled with transparent or opaque enamel and enamel is fired. In the technique of notched enamel, several techniques are known to achieve an artistic effect.
Enamel engraving is a kind of technique notched enamel.
Enamel on guilloche background-a kind of enamel engraving technique. Engraving is performed mechanically, using a special machine. In the technique of enamel painted using exclusively transparent enamel widest color gamut.
Enamel by casting-the image is obtained by casting it together with a metal plate – base. Then the recess on the plate is filled with enamel.
Enamel on relief is a technique used for artistic enameling on high relief, when the enamel coating repeats the shape of the metal relief image, acting as a glaze.

Author’s engraving

Engraving (from FR. gravure-cut, create relief) – a kind of graphic art, implying the creation of different ways of printed forms.

There are several types of engraving depending on the technique of its manufacture:

Linocut-a method of engraving on linoleum
Woodcut-woodcut, the oldest engraving technique
Incisive engraving, cutter-the oldest kind of engraving.
Engraving on cardboard
Etching is a kind of engraving on metal, the technique of easel graphics gravure printing, which allows to obtain prints from printing plates, in the process of creating an image on which the surface is etched with acids.
Dotted line is a kind of etching technique.
Dry needle is a kind of etching that does not use etching, based on scratching with the tip of a hard needle strokes on the surface of a metal Board.
Aquatint is a kind of etching based on etching a metal Board with acid through asphalt or rosin dust stuck to it.
Lavis is a type of aquatint.
Mezzo-Tinto is a kind of etching technique. The main fundamental difference from other manners of etching is not the creation of a system of grooves-strokes and points, and smoothing the light places on the grained Board.
Soft lacquer-a kind of etching technique
Reservation-a kind of etching technique

Author’s gravures-tentaclehentai igeoportal on картонеЛиногравюраКсилографияРезцовая engraving
Scratchboard

Grattazh (from the French. grattage, from gratter-scratch, scratch) – a method of drawing by scratching with a pen or a sharp tool of paper or cardboard, filled with ink on wax.

Painting the grisaille

Grisaille (derived from FR. grisaille, from gris-gray) – a kind of decorative painting, performed in different shades of any one color (often gray). Grisaille has been used since the 17th century and is widely used in classicism interior paintings, mainly as an imitation of sculptural relief.

Gouache paintings

Gouache – the technique of painting on paper, cardboard, linen, silk, bones dense matte colors of the finely powdered pigment with a binder vodoleev with the use of white (gouache paints, gouache).
Decorative painting

Decorative painting, interior painting-painting created to decorate the interior or complement the design of the room.
Decoupage
Decoupage (FR. decouper-cut) – decorative technique, which consists in cutting images from different materials (wood, leather, fabrics, paper, etc.), which are then glued to the surface.

Mother of pearl inlay

Inlay (from pozdnelat. incrustatio – letters. covering bark) – decoration of products and buildings patterns and images of pieces of marble, ceramics, metal, wood, mother-of-pearl and colored stones, which are superimposed on the surface and differ from it in color or material.

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