Secrets of self-portraits of famous artists: Reflection in the mirror, portrait-bacon and other oddities
Self-portrait in most cases is an instrument of narcissism, an attempt to leave your image in eternity. But if a genius takes up the matter, his image on canvas can…

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How Pavel Tretyakov competed with the emperor
Before the revolution, patronage of the arts was considered not only charitable, but also beneficial for the donor himself, and the point here was not taxes at all. According to…

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10 skillful fakes that museums took for originals
Artistic fakes are a very real threat that museums constantly have to contend with. Fake artifacts appear in many museums from time to time, which can be displayed for several…

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Portrait (derived from FR. words portrait) – this artistic image of the human with transfer his domestic world.
In the portrait, a person can be depicted chest-high, waist-high, hip-high, knee-high, full-length.
The portrait can be a different turn of the head: full-face, a quarter turn to the right or left, half-turn, three-quarters, in profile.
Portrait format can be different: vertical rectangular, horizontal rectangular, square, oval or round.
The portrait is divided by size: portrait miniature, easel portrait (painting, drawing, sculpture), monumental portrait (monument, fresco, mosaic).
The portrait is divided according to the method of execution: oil, pencil, pastel, watercolor, dry brush, engraved, miniature, photographic, etc.
The portrait can be painted in different styles: academism, realism, impressionism, expressionism, art Nouveau, abstractionism, surrealism, cubism, pop art, etc.THERE ARE DIFFERENT CLASSIFICATIONS OF PORTRAIT
Self-portrait – graphic, picturesque or sculptural image of the artist, made by himself with the help of a mirror or a system of mirrors.
Allegorical portrait-a kind of costumed portrait in which the image portrayed is presented in the form of allegory.
Military portrait-a kind of ceremonial portrait-a portrait in the image of the commander.

To order a Group portrait
Group portrait-portrait, including not less three characters.
Donatori portrait – a kind of religious portrait in which the person who made the donation was portrayed in the picture (for example, next to Jesus).
Donator (from lat. donor-donor) – the customer, organizer and patron of the construction of a Catholic Church or the customer and the donor decorating the temple works of fine or decorative art.
In the photo – Piero della Francesca’s “Montefeltro Altarpiece”. On the right, kneeling donator – the Duke of Montefeltro.
Genre portrait-a portrait where the portrayed is represented in the semantic and plot relationship with the surrounding objects of life, nature, architecture, people, etc.

Intimate portrait
Intimate portrait-a chamber portrait with a neutral background, expressing a trusting relationship between the artist and the person portrayed.

Historical portrait
Historical portrait-a portrait of a historical figure.

To order a miniature portrait of the
Chamber portrait-a portrait using a waist, chest or shoulder image of a person. Usually in a chamber portrait the figure is given on a neutral background.

Caricature- (derived from ital.caricare-exaggerate) – satirical or humorous portrait.

Colossal portrait-portrait huge sizes (typically in sculpture).

Equestrian portrait-a kind of ceremonial portrait.
A costumed portrait is a portrait in which a person is represented as an allegorical, mythological, historical, theatrical or literary character. Usually the names of such portraits include the words ” in the form of “or”in the image.”
Coronation portrait-a solemn image of the monarch on the day of accession to the throne, in coronation regalia, usually full-length.
Churchwarden portrait-a kind of religious portrait in which the person who made the donation was depicted in the picture.
Churchwarden (from Greek. κτήτωρ-owner, founder, Creator) – a person who has allocated funds for the construction or repair of an Orthodox Church or monastery, or for its decoration with icons, frescoes, objects of decorative and applied art.

In the photo – Churchwarden Radivoje with family and Metropolitan Kalevit with the layout of the Church (Kremikovski monastery).
Small-format and miniature portraits-a portrait of a small format (up to 20 cm), usually watercolor, ink or draw graphics: etching, lithography, woodcut, etc.
A miniature portrait can be chamber or ceremonial, have a plot basis or not. As in a large portrait, the depicted face can be placed on a neutral, landscape background or in the interior. And although the miniature portrait is subject to the same basic laws of development and the same aesthetic canons as the entire portrait genre as a whole, but differs from it both in essence artistic solutions, and its area of application – miniature is always more intimate.

Mythological portrait
Mythological portrait-a kind of costumed portrait in which a person is represented as a mythological character.


To order a formal portrait
Ceremonial portrait, representative portrait-a portrait showing a person in full growth, on horseback, standing or sitting. Usually in a ceremonial portrait the figure is given on an architectural or landscape background.

Depending on the attributes of a formal portrait is: crown; throne; horse; military in General.
Hunting portrait adjacent to the front, but can be chamber.

See the ceremonial portrait
Men’s doubles portraitparty woman portrait
Pair portrait – two portraits painted on different canvases, but coordinated with each other in composition, format and color. Usually the portraits depict the couple.
Preparedly portrait – a kind of formal portrait where the model is generally depicted to the waist and with plenty of accessories.
Portrait-painting-portrait, where the portrayed is represented in the semantic and narrative relationship with the surrounding objects of life, nature, architecture, people, etc.
Portrait-walk-portrait of a walking man on the background of nature. This kind of portrait originated in England in the XVIII century and gained popularity in the era of sentimentalism.

The girl with the pearl earring. Jan Vermeer
The throne (from niderl. tronie-head, face) – a kind of Dutch portrait of the XVII century. It is a half-length or shoulder portrait, often depicting anonymous models with an unusual facial expression or costume.
Soviet portrait-the image of a new man, the Builder of communism, the carrier of such qualities as collectivism, socialist humanism, internationalism, revolutionary determination.

Posthumous portrait
Posthumous portrait, retrospective portrait-a portrait made after the death of the people depicted on their lifetime images or completely composed by the author.

Throne portrait of Elizabeth
Throne portrait-a kind of ceremonial portrait-a solemn image of the monarch sitting on the throne.

Order cartoon by photo
A cartoon is a satirical or good-natured humorous image in which, while respecting the external similarity, the most characteristic features of a person are changed and highlighted.

The peasant portrait
Since the social position of the portrayed influenced certain methods of presenting his image, sometimes the class principle was used in the classification:

merchant portrait
the peasant portrait
portrait of a clergyman
clown portrait
portrait of the poet

10 paintings by great artists
Before the invention of photography, People kept the memory of various historical events in the paintings. Such paintings often romanticized the struggle or presented various scenes in a distorted form…


How Russian artist Makovsky painted a portrait of the US president and opened the “Russian style” to Americans
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Western world discovered the Russian style. Sundresses, kokoshniks, furs and precious fabrics, boyars and feasts - this is exactly such Russia that…


10 world famous paintings in which hidden symbols and messages are hidden
In the old days, when people were forbidden to express their opinions or beliefs publicly (or it was considered rude to publicize their true feelings), paintings and sculptures were a…