5 masterpieces of painting, which depict much more than the audience sees
Considering the masterpieces of world painting, few people think that behind an idyllic landscape a portrait of a person can be hidden, and behind a drawn wave – a huge whale. Modern technologies and research methods allow us to find out what the artists portrayed initially. This review presents famous paintings that hide much more than the audience sees.
The Black Square K. Malevich
A sensational discovery was made a couple of years ago. On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the creation of the famous “Black Square” by Kazimir Malevich, a series of manipulations were carried out on the painting, among which was the use of X-rays. The result of screening the canvas with UV rays surprised the researchers very much. It turns out that behind the black square hid two color images. One of them is a cubofuturistic composition, and the other is supermatic. Continue reading
“Love Letter” by Jan Vermeer
At the first glance at Jan Vermeer’s famous painting “Love Letter”, the name seems far-fetched, because the letter itself is hardly noticeable. But the lute in the hands of a woman plays a much more significant symbolic role. What does the letter contain? And what does the lute matter in the picture?
The paintings, which allow the observer to look at the everyday life of the depicted people, were especially popular in the XVII and XVIII centuries. They are called genre paintings, and Dutch genre art occupies an undeniable place at this stage in the history of art. A particularly popular topic was symbolism. Pictures depicting love letters can be attributed to a separate category of genre painting. Artists such as Jan Vermeer, Gabriel Metsu and Samuel van Hoogstrate have contributed to the world of art with canvases of this plot. Continue reading
GENRES IN THE VISUAL ARTS
Works of fine art, mainly painting, are divided into genres.
Depending on the subject image in the seventeenth century, the genres were divided into “high” (grand genre) and “low” genre (petit genre). The” high “genre included the historical genre: battle, allegorical, religious and mythological; the” low ” – scenes from everyday life: portrait, landscape, still life, animalism.
Having become a form of representation of life, the genres of painting are not immutable, they develop together with life, changing with the development of art. Some genres die or acquire a new meaning (for example, Vanitas, Capriccio and Veduta), there are new, usually within the pre-existing (for example, within the landscape genre appeared cityscape, seascape and interior), and some are combined (now Nude, household, historical, mythological, allegorical, religious and battle genre is often replaced by the term figurative). Continue reading