GENRES IN THE VISUAL ARTS
Works of fine art, mainly painting, are divided into genres.
Depending on the subject image in the seventeenth century, the genres were divided into “high” (grand genre) and “low” genre (petit genre). The” high “genre included the historical genre: battle, allegorical, religious and mythological; the” low ” – scenes from everyday life: portrait, landscape, still life, animalism.
Having become a form of representation of life, the genres of painting are not immutable, they develop together with life, changing with the development of art. Some genres die or acquire a new meaning (for example, Vanitas, Capriccio and Veduta), there are new, usually within the pre-existing (for example, within the landscape genre appeared cityscape, seascape and interior), and some are combined (now Nude, household, historical, mythological, allegorical, religious and battle genre is often replaced by the term figurative).Animalism (derived from lat. animal-animal), animalistic genre-a genre of fine art in which the main subject of the image are animals.
Buy paintings in the allegorical genre Allegorical genre (from Greek. allegoria-allegory) – a genre of fine art, in which a work of art is laid hidden and secret meaning. In this genre, ideas that are difficult to depict (for example, goodness, strength, power, justice, love, etc.) are shown allegorically through images of living beings, animals or human figures with attributes that historically have a symbolic, easy-to-read meaning. Allegorical genre is most characteristic of Renaissance art, mannerism, Baroque, classicism.
Buy paintings in the battle genre
Battle genre (derived from FR. bataille-battle) – a genre of fine art, which depicts the themes of war: battles, military campaigns, praising military valor, the fury of the battle, the triumph of victory.
Buy paintings in the epic genre
Epic genre – the genre of fine art, which depicts scenes from epics and folklore.
The epic genre paintings
Buy paintings in the genre of everyday life
Household genre (genre painting) – a genre of fine art, which depicts everyday scenes from everyday life without embellishment.
Vanitas (from lat. vanitas, letters. – “vanity, vanity”) – a genre of Baroque painting, allegorical still life, the compositional center of which is traditionally a human skull. Such paintings, an early stage in the development of still life, were intended to remind of the transience of life, the futility of pleasure and the inevitability of death. The greatest distribution was received in Flanders and the Netherlands in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, some examples of the genre are found in France and Spain.
To purchase a painting in the genre of Veduta
Veduta-a genre of Venetian painting of the 18th century, which depicts the cityscape as a panorama, in compliance with the scale and proportions. The great representative of this style in painting is the Venetian painter Canaletto (1697-1768). In Russia, the ancestor of the architectural Veduta were painters F. ya. Alekseev, M. N. Vorobiev, SF Shchedrin.
Cityscape (architectural landscape) – a genre of fine art, in which the main subject of the image are city streets, buildings.
Breakfast is a subspecies of the still life genre in seventeenth-century Dutch still life.
Breakfast is an image of a set table with a modest set of items and household utensils.
Interior (derived from FR. intérieur-internal) – a genre in which the subject of the image is the image of the interior of the room.
To buy in epicoccum genre
Epicheskie genre (originated from Greek. hippos-horse) – genre fine art, in which the main motive is image of the horse.
Historical genre is a genre of fine arts dedicated to historical events and figures, as well as socially significant phenomena in the history of society.
Historical genre paintings
Capriccio Harbor at dawn with fishermen, statue and views of the city. Marco Ricci
Capriccio (derived from ital. capriccio, literally-whim, whim) – architectural landscape-fantasy. The most famous artists who wrote Capriccio: Francesco Guardi, Antonio Canaletto.
Caricature (derived from ital.caricare-exaggerate) – a special genre of fine art that combines images in which: consciously creates a comic effect; combines real and fantastic; exaggerated and sharpened the characteristic features of the figure, face, costume, manners of people, etc.
Leniniana is a genre of fine art dedicated to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
Many masters of fine arts of the USSR worked on the creation of the image of Lenin and one of the first artists of this genre was Isaac israelevich Brodsky.
Neoimpressionist Emile Bernard is one of the first foreign artists who depicted Lenin. In his works did not bypass the image of Lenin and the famous artists Andy Warhol, Salvador Dali, Diego Rivera, Nikolai Feshin and others.
Mythological (from Greek. mythos-legend) – a genre of fine art dedicated to the heroes and events, which tell the myths and legends of ancient peoples.
Seascape (Marina) (derived from FR. marine, ital. marina, from lat. marinus-marine) – a genre of fine art depicting a marine species. A bright representative of this genre – IK Aivazovsky (1817-1900).
Still life (translated from FR. – dead, inanimate nature) – is an artistic representation of various household items. They can be: dishes, household utensils, fruits, vegetables, flowers, game or any combination thereof. The most famous schools in the writing of still life – Flemish and Dutch, which in their own way solved the problem of color and composition.
Nu (derived from FR. nu-naked, stripped) – one of the genres of fine art, dedicated to the image of the naked body, mostly female. In its development, Nude is closely associated with the image of the naked human body and embodies the ideal of beauty of the country and the era. Nude originated in the Renaissance within the mythological, allegorical, historical and everyday genres. The formation of Nudes as a genre occurs in the 17th century with the spread of the ideas of sensualism: images of the naked body are imbued with a frankly sensual beginning.
Buy paintings in the genre of blende
Blende is one of the genres of fine art, a characteristic feature of which are special techniques of perspective painting, which create the effect of deception, erase the line between reality and the image.
Hunting trophies, hunting still life-the personification of Dutch still life XVII-XVIII centuries.
Genre Hunting trophies was associated with the fashion to hunt the rich bourgeoisie and aristocracy.
The largest masters of the hunting still-life was Melchior de Hondekuter and Jan Baptist Venix. Nearly all still-life paintings of Hondecoeter near bat game depict living animals, which makes the painting extremely expressive and dynamic. Venix very often showed the game on the background of the parks. Due to the comparison of green trees and warm shades of animal fur and plumage of birds, the image became extremely expressive and colorful.
Hunting trophies, paintings
Buy Parsuna Parsuna (from the Latin. persona-personality, person) – conditional name of works of Russian portrait painting of the XVII century. – transitional between the icon and the secular work of the form of the portrait.
Buy pastoral paintings
Pastoral (derived from FR. pastorale, pastoral, rural) – genre poetiziruet peaceful and simple rural life.
Landscape (derived from FR. paysage – country area) – a genre of fine art where the main subject is nature.
Portrait (derived from FR. words portrait) – this artistic image of the human with transfer his domestic world. It is divided into individual, group, ceremonial, self-portrait.
Religious genre, religious painting-a genre of fine art, the main subjects of which are episodes from the Bible and the gospel.
Subject-thematic picture-mixing of traditional genres of painting (household, historical, battle, composite portrait, landscape, etc.), which arose in the Soviet art history and artistic practice of the 1930s