Landscape (from FR. paysage – country area) – a genre of fine art where the main subject is nature.
As an independent genre landscape appeared in the VI century in Chinese art. Traditions of Chinese landscape painting have had a great influence on Japanese art.
In Europe, landscape as a separate genre appeared much later than in China and Japan. In the middle Ages, when only religious compositions had the right to exist, the landscape was treated by painters as a depiction of the habitat of the characters.
Gradually, the landscape went beyond other artistic genres. This was facilitated by the development of easel painting. In the creation of landscape genre played an important role masters of the Venetian school in the early XVI century. Continue reading